13 Legenda Mafia Paling Berpengaruh

Kamis, 18 Oktober 2012

1. Frank "the Prime Minister" Costello
(January 26, 1891 – February 18, 1973) was an Italian gangster and Mafia boss. Costello rose to the top of America's underworld, controlled a vast gambling empire across the United States and enjoyed political influence.
Nicknamed "the Prime Minister of the Underworld," he became one of the most powerful and influential Mafia bosses in American history, eventually leading the Luciano crime family (later called the Genovese crime family), one of the Five Families that operates in New York

During his retirement, Costello was known as "The Prime Minister of the Underworld." He still retained power and influence in New York's Mafia and remained busy throughout his final years. Cosa Nostra bosses and old associates such as Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese still paid visits to Costello .

 In early February, 1973, Costello suffered a heart attack at his Manhattan home.

The character of "Vito Corleone" in the book and 1972 film The Godfather , Marlon Brando, who played Corleone, apparently used tapes of Costello as the basis for the character's accent.

 2. Vito "Don Vito" Genovese
(November 27, 1897 – February 14, 1969)
was an Italian-born American mobster and crime boss who rose to power in America during the Castellammarese War to later become leader of the Genovese crime family. Genovese served as mentor to the future boss of the Genovese crime family Vincent "Chin" Gigante. He was known as Boss of all Bosses.

Genovese was conspiring with Carlo Gambino, Anastasia's underboss, to remove Anastasia. In May 1957, Genovese ordered the Costello murder, fortunately for Costello, he only suffered a superficial scalp wound. However, the experience convinced Costello to retire from the family.

On February 14, 1969, Genovese died of natural causes at Springfield, Missouri .

3. Charles "Lucky" Luciano
(November 24, 1897 – January 26, 1962),
was an Italian-born, naturalized American mobster born in Sicily. Luciano is considered the father of modern organized crime in the United States for splitting New York City into five different Mafia crime families and the establishment of the first Commission. He was the first official boss of the modern Genovese crime family. He was, along with his associate Meyer Lansky, instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States.

On January 26, 1962, Luciano died of a heart attack at Naples International Airport.

4. Albert "The Executioner" Anastasia
 (September 26, 1902 – October 25, 1957)
was one of the most ruthless and feared Cosa Nostra mobsters in American history. A founder of the American Mafia, Anastasia ran Murder, Inc and was boss of the modern crime family during most of the 1950s. Anastasia died in what was probably the most sensational assassination in mob history.

The Anastasia murder. Anastasia relaxed in the barber chair ( in Midtown Manhattan), two men—scarves covering their faces—rushed in, shoved the barber out of the way, and fired at Anastasia.

In February 2012, the chair will be on exhibit at the Mob Museum in Las Vegas.

5. "Don" Carlo Gambino
 (August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976)
was a Sicilian mobster, notable for being Boss of the Gambino crime family, which is still named after him. After the 1957 Apalachin Convention he unexpectedly seized control of the Commission of the American Mafia.
Gambino was known for being low-key and secretive. Gambino served 22 months in prison (1938–39), and lived to the age of 74, when he died of a heart attack .

6. "Bugsy" Siegel
(February 28, 1906 – June 20, 1947) was an American gangster who was involved with the Genovese crime family. Nicknamed "Bugsy", Siegel was known to be ruthless amongst associates. Because of his notoriously quick and violent temper, he was viewed by many to have become one of the most "infamous and feared gangsters of his day". He is considered to have become one of the first page-one celebrity gangsters. He was also a major driving force behind large-scale development of the Las Vegas Valley.

On the night of June 20, 1947, an unknown assailant fired at him through the window with a .30-caliber military M1 carbine, hitting him many times, including twice in the head. No one was charged with the murder, and the crime remains officially unsolved .

7. Paul "Big Paul" Castellano
(June 26, 1915 – December 16, 1985), also known as "The Howard Hughes of the Mob" and "Big Paulie" , succeeded Carlo Gambino as head of the Gambino crime family, then the nation's largest Cosa Nostra family.
On December 16, 1985, both Castellano and Bilotti were murdered. That evening, Bilotti drove Castellano to the prearranged meeting at the Sparks Steak House in Midtown Manhattan. As Castellano was exiting the car at the front of the restaurant, the gunmen ran up and shot him several times.

8. Meyer Lansky
(July 4, 1902 – January 15, 1983)
 known as the "Mob's Accountant," was a Russian-born American organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States. For decades he was thought to be one of the most powerful people in the country.
Lansky developed a gambling empire, it is also said that he oversaw gambling concessions in Cuba. Although a member of the Jewish Mafia, Lansky undoubtedly had strong influence with the Italian Mafia.

Lansky's last years were spent quietly at his home in Miami Beach. He died of lung cancer on January 15, 1983, age 80.

9. Salvatore Maranzano
(July 31, 1886 – September 10, 1931) was an organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Cosa Nostra boss in the United States. He instigated the Castellammarese War to seize control of the American Mafia operations, and briefly became the Mafia's "Boss of Bosses". He was assassinated by a younger faction led by Lucky Luciano, who established a power-sharing arrangement rather than a "boss of bosses" to prevent future wars.

Lucky Luciano arranged the gangsters go to Maranzano's offices on September 10, 1931, posing as accountants/tax men. and shot and stabbed Salvatore Maranzano to death.

10. Al "Scarface" Capone
(January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947)
An American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. One of the most notorious American gangsters of the 20th century.
Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made donations to various charitable endeavors using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood". What the authorities never seemed to grasp was that to a significant group of Americans, Capone was symbolic of a populist hero. 

He suffered a fatal cardiac arrest the next day. On January 25, 1947 Al Capone died in his home.

11. "Bugs" Moran,
(August 21, 1891 – February 25, 1957)
 "Bugs" Moran led  the North Side Irish gang , conflict by gangs the South Side Italian led by Al Capone in Chicago. In April 1930, Chicago Crime Commission had compiled a "Public Enemies" list of 28 people he designated as corrupting Chicago. Capone topped the list and Moran ranked sixth. The list was published widely and ensured Moran's notoriety.

On February 25, 1957 he died in prison of lung cancer.

12. John Gotti
(October 27, 1940 – June 10, 2002)
Gotti as the boss of one of the most powerful crime families in America, was one of the most powerful crime bosses during his era and became widely known for his outspoken personality and flamboyant style, which gained him favor with much of the general public. While his peers avoided attracting attention, especially from the media, Gotti became known as the "The Dapper Don" for his expensive clothes and personality in front of news cameras. He was later given the nickname "The Teflon Don" .

Gotti contributed to the conspiracy to kill Castellano.

In 1998 Gotti was diagnosed with throat cancer, Gotti's condition rapidly declined, and he died on June 10, 2002, at the age of 61.

As early as 1990 John Gotti was already such a prominent mobster as to be the inspiration for the character Joey Zasa, portrayed by Joe Mantegna, in The Godfather Part III.

13. Vincent "The Chin" Gigante 
(March 29, 1928 – December 19, 2005),
also known as "Chin," was a New York Italian-American mobster in the American Mafia who was boss of the Genovese crime family from 1981 to 2005.
Gigante quickly rose to power during the 1960s and 1970s. By 1981 he became the Boss of the Genovese crime family, while Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno served as front boss during the 1980s. He also ordered the failed murder attempt of Gambino crime family boss John Gotti in 1986. With the arrest and conviction of Gotti and various Gambino family members in 1992, Gigante was officially recognized as the most powerful crime boss in the United States. Dubbed "The Oddfather" and "The Enigma in the Bathrobe" by the press .

Disususn oleh: rac-cutting sticker
sumber: wikipedia.com, google.com

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3 komentar:

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